Mainstream rules, Approach and tips for all drivers in Uganda

These include signals, stopping procedures, lighting requirements, control of the vehicle, speed limits, stopping distances, lines, lane markings and general information when driving in Uganda.

Rule 1

Signals warn and inform other road users, including pedestrians, of your planned actions. You should always

  • Give clear signals in plenty of time, having checked it is not misleading to signal at that time
  • Use them to advise other road users before changing direction, stopping or moving off
  • Cancel them after use
  • Make sure your signals will not confuse others. If, for instance, you want to stop after a side road, do not signal until you are passing the road. If you signal earlier it may give the suspicion that you intend to turn into the road. Your brake lights will warn traffic behind you that you are slowing down
  • Use an arm signal to emphasize or reinforce your signal if necessary.

Rule 2

You should also

  • Watch out for signals given by other road users and proceed only when you are satisfied that it is safe
  • Be aware that an indicator on another vehicle may not have been cancelled.

Rule 3

You MUST obey signals given by police officers, traffic officers, traffic wardens and signs used by school crossing scout.

Rule 4

Traffic light signals and traffic signs. You MUST obey all traffic light signals and traffic signs giving orders, including temporary signals & signs. Make sure you know, understand and act on all other traffic and information signs and road markings.

Rule 5

Flashing headlights. Only flash your headlights to let other road users know that you are there. Do not flash your headlights to convey any other message or intimidate other road users.

Rule 6

Never assume that flashing headlights is a signal inviting you to proceed. Use your own judgment and proceed carefully.

Rule 7

The horn. Use only while your vehicle is moving and you need to warn other road users of your presence. Never sound your horn aggressively, except when another road user raises a danger.

Lighting Necessities

You MUST                                                                                                           

  • Ensure all sidelights and back end registration plate lights are lit between sunset and sunrise
  • Use headlights at night, except on a road that has street lighting. Most roads are generally restricted to a speed limit of 50kph (31mph) in built-up areas and 80kph (50mph) or 100kph (62mph) on highways
  • Use headlights when visibility is seriously reduced.


  • Use any lights in a way that would dazzle or cause discomfort to other road users, including pedestrians and cyclists.
  • Use front or rear fog lights unless visibility is seriously reduced. You MUST switch them off when visibility improves to avoid dazzling other road users.

You should also

  • Use dipped headlights, or dim-dip if fitted, at night in built-up areas and in dull daytime weather, to ensure that you can be seen
  • Keep your headlights dipped when overtaking until you are level with the other vehicle and then change to main beam if necessary, unless this would dazzle oncoming road users
  • Slow down, and if necessary stop, if you are dazzled by oncoming headlights.

NB: Hazard warning lights. These may be used when your vehicle is at a stand still, to warn that it is temporarily obstructing traffic. Never use them as an excuse for dangerous or illegal parking. You MUST NOT use hazard warning lights while driving or being towed unless you are on a motorway or unrestricted dual carriageway and you need to warn drivers behind you of a danger or hindrance ahead. Only use them for long enough to ensure that your warning has been observed.